LÍNGUA INGLESA III


Read the text below about the role of reforestation against global warming.

 

Reforestation is best against global warming

 

A group of international scientists revealed that Brazil's forests and the forests of other tropical countries in the Americas are much more durable than those with chainsaws ever dreamed.

 

In areas abandoned from deforestation and agricultural use, the forest usually bounces back with a vengeance, sucking CO2 (the main gas responsible for global warming) at a rate 11 times greater than that of a forest that hasn't been torn down.

 

To help in the efforts against climate change, a simple and cheap approach would be to allow the forests to regenerate naturally in degraded areas – and, of course, avoiding further deforestation.

 

After 20 years of growth, on average, the secondary forests (those that regenerate after deforestation) already achieved the high rates of carbonic gas absorption – 3 tons of carbon per hectare per year.

 

“Up to now, those forests were kind of orphan, we lived a radical dichotomy between supposed virgin forests and degraded areas. Our work shows that we need to look at this issue more broadly”, says Pedro Brancalion, a University of São Paulo researcher who also backs the study.

 

Texto adaptado. Disponível em: . Acesso em: 15 fev. 2016.

 

According to the previous text, consider the following statements:

 

I) the relation between native forest and secondary forest has been clarified by this research group.

II) the recovery of degraded areas could be successfully achieved by letting the forest grow by itself.

III) the absorption of CO2 is necessary in order to keep temperatures regulated in the Americas.       

IV) the peak of CO2 absorption is reached within some decades by forest grown in degraded areas.

 

It is only correct what is stated on:


II and IV.


I and IV.


I and II.


II and III.


III and IV.

Read the text below about the touristic attractions of Belém, the capital of Pará, and pay attention to the cohesive devices from 1 to 4:

 

With its 19th century architecture, Belém retains shades of the “Tropical Paris”

 

The capital of Pará received 640,000 visitors in 2015. Walking through the city, they would no doubt have stumbled across traces of its former rubber glory, like1 the Theatro da Paz, built in 1878.

 

By the waterfront in the old city, the Ver-o-Peso open-air market is unmissable. Visitors can see women making tacacá (manioc soup) and buy chestnuts, açaí, the medicinal herb jambu and many other local products.

 

If2hunger strikes, stalls sell fish with açaí - a local delicacy. The fruit is served unsweetened, without the sugar that tends to be added in São Paulo and Rio.

 

A little further on is Mangal das Garças, a park opened in 2005. It is 40,000m2 and entry is free. It has flamingos and wild lizards, as well as3 a butterfly house - a reminder, that in spite of4 its rubber belle époque, Belém remains at the heart of the Amazon.

 

Disponível em: . Acesso em: 11 fev. 2016.

 

According to their context of use, the cohesive devices from 1 to 4 express the following ideas, respectively:


exemplification; condition; addition; contrast.


exemplification; condition; addition; emphasis.


alternative; condition; exemplification; emphasis.


alternative; condition; explanation; contrast.


explanation; condition; exemplification; contrast.

A seguir, leia um texto sobre a relação entre o sono e a imunidade de nosso organismo:

 

The Less You Sleep, the More Colds You’ll Get

 

People who averaged six hours of sleep or fewer were four times more likely to come down with a cold than people who slept at least seven hours. That risk went up to 4.5 times if people slept less than five hours. The study wasn't designed to determine how sleep affects immunity, but it's proof of concept that the two are connected. 

 

Disponível em: . Acesso em: 01 fev. 2016.

 

Read the following statements and mark true (T) or false (F) according to the previous text:

 

(    ) lack of sleep is a condition for a weak immune system.

(    ) evidences prove that insomnia results in colds and flu.

(    ) seven hours of sleep in average can cure slight colds.

(    ) people deprived of sleep showed stronger immunity.  

 

The correct sequence is:


T – F – T – F.


T – F – F – T.


T – F – F – F.


T – F – T – T.


T – T – F – F.

Complete the following sentence with the suitable conditional form:

 

"If I eat too much…"


I will gain extra kilos.


I would gain extra kilos.


I had gained extra kilos.


I have gained extra kilos.


I gained extra kilos.

Leia o seguinte trecho de um artigo de uma revista americana:

 

Although it’s not unheard of to eat a banana peel (at least outside of the United States), there’s a new version of fruit that may make eating peels much more common.

 

A modified banana which features an edible peel was developed by farmers in Japan. They named it the “Mongee Banana,” which is slang for “incredible” in Japanese, according to SoraNews24, a Tokyo-based blog.

 

Disponível em: . Acesso em: 23 fev. 2018.

 

A partir de seus estudos sobre coesão textual, é possível afirmar que o termo “it”, destacado em negrito, se refere ao seguinte grupo nominal/substantivo:

 


“an edible peel”.


“a new version of fruit”.


“slang”.


“Mongee Banana”.


“a modified banana which features an edible peel”.

Read the following text about smoking regulations in Australia.

 

Australia's Tasmania may raise smoking age to 25

 

The Australian state of Tasmania is considering raising the legal age for buying cigarettes to at least 21 and potentially as high as 25. If the plan goes ahead it will give Tasmania some of the toughest tobacco laws in the world. The current legal age to purchase, possess or smoke cigarettes in all Australian states is 18. Critics have complained the proposed restrictions would be a violation of civil liberties. Australia already has some of the world's toughest anti-smoking policies. The country is also one of the most expensive places in the world to buy cigarettes - from around A$20 a pack ($15; £10).

 

Disponível em: . Acesso em: 21 dez. 2015.

 

Now, mark true (T) or false (F) according to the text.

 

(   ) Tasmania has raised the legal age to buy cigarettes.

(   ) Australians are allowed to smoke at the age of 18. 

(   ) The Australian tobacco restrictions are malleable.

(   ) The cost of cigarettes in Australia is unreasonable.

 

The sequence obtained is:


F – T – T – T.


F – T – F – T.


T – T – F – T.


F – T – F – F.


T – F – F – T.

Leia, a seguir, uma pequena biografia do artista holandês Van Gogh.

 

Vincent Van Gogh (March 30, 1853 - July 29, 1890) is generally considered the greatest Dutch painter after Rembrandt, though he had little success during his lifetime. Van Gogh produced all of his work (some 900 paintings and 1100 drawings) during a period of only 10 years before he succumbed to mental illness (possibly bipolar disorder) and committed suicide. His fame grew rapidly after his death especially following a showing of his paintings in Paris in 1901 (11 years after his death).

 

Van Gogh's influence on expressionism, fauvism and early abstraction was enormous, and can be seen in many other aspects of 20th-century art. The Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam is dedicated to Van Gogh's work and that of his contemporaries.

 

Several paintings by Van Gogh rank among the most expensive paintings in the world. On March 30, 1987 Van Gogh's painting "Irises" was sold for a record $53.9 million at Southeby's, New York. On May 15, 1990 his portrait of Doctor Gachet was sold for $82.5 million at Christie's, thus establishing a new price record.

 

Disponível em: . Acesso em: 16 fev. 2017.

 

Ao lermos essa biografia, percebemos que Van Gogh:


era admirado por um médico que pagou milhões por sua obra.


ficou famoso após inscrever-se em uma exposição em Paris.


foi influenciado pela arte abstrata como o expressionismo.


foi reconhecido como artista de talento postumamente.


disputou com Rembrandt o posto de maior artista holandês.

Leia a frase a seguir:

 

"The style of French artist Paul Cezanne gave Picasso ideas for doing the cubism."

 

Ela significa o mesmo que:


Picasso was taught by Paul Cezanne.


Picasso was copied by Paul Cezanne.


Picasso was inspired by Paul Cezanne.


Picasso was moved by Paul Cezanne.


Picasso was followed by Paul Cezanne.

No capítulo 2, "Introdução à semântica: parte I", você estudou que esse campo da linguística possibilita a compreensão do significado das palavras. Para o estudante de Letras e futuro professor, esse conhecimento é valioso, pois nos permite fazer escolhas adequadas e variadas em nossas produções comunicativas.

Por exemplo, quando falamos em "materials", podemos relacionar a esse campo semântico palavras como "cloth" e "gold". Assim, da relação a seguir, a palavra que pode ser associada ao mesmo campo semântico é:


figure


stone


pottery


fashion


vase

Read the following sentence in the active voice:

Lynn Contrucci bought a beautiful piece of jewelry.

Its passive voice is:


A beautiful piece of jewelry was bought by Lynn Contrucci.


A beautiful piece of jewelry was buy by Lynn Contrucci.


A beautiful piece of jewelry was did buy by Lynn Contrucci.


A beautiful piece of jewelry was being bought by Lynn Contrucci.


A beautiful piece of jewelry is bought by Lynn Contrucci.

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